At national level, the elaboration of both the Partnership Agreement and the Operational Programme(s) requires an in-depth analysis of the baseline situation in the Member State and its regions, in order to justify the choice of priorities and the allocation of funds.
It is essential that the gender perspective is included in all analyses which are implemented to prepare these national and regional documents in order:
- To ensure that the situation and needs of both women and men in their diversity are fully taken into account;
- To ensure that the choices made in terms of priorities and objectives are correct, and that Cohesion Funds will be used in the most effective manner, for the benefit of the entire population.
In each field of intervention such as transport, entrepreneurship, youth employment, the current situation of women and men in their diversities must be set out, using gender-disaggregated data and existing gender indicators such as the gender pay gap. Differences between women and men will be highlighted, and the reasons for – and impacts of – these differentials should be explored. Analysis should seek not only to describe the current situation, but look for causes which can be tackled, as well as impacts which can be resolved by addressing the core issues.
In order to be effective, such analysis needs to be done by gender experts or people with gender competence. Assistance from the relevant gender equality bodies and organisations which form part of the Partnership can be sought for conducting this analysis.
In the following gender analysis will be described in relation to two types of analysis which are necessary for preparing the strategic planning documents: